Sub-Theme: Confidence

Theme: Personality Development of Students

Sub-Theme: Confidence

Topic: Developing confidence through presentation among 9th grade












Name of the School (where the action research was conducted): Government grills Highe school Absral Turbat

.  Overall background of the participants of the project; area/school: (socio-economic status, occupation/profession – earning trends of majority of the parents, literacy rate, academic quality, and any other special trait of the community where the school is situated) (10 marks)

  • Background of the Participants:

The participants of the study were grade 9 students who were enrolled in Government grills Highe school Absral Turbat. I selected grade 9 students which consisted in total 20 in numbers. Most of the participants were quite helpful and were matured enough to understand the purpose of my research. In their classroom there were no posters and pedagogical materals for learning English. Most of the students (participants) parents had a medium economic level, so their study did not receive full financial support from family. The interest of the students in the investigation led to their keenness for the task and the interview. As a result, teachers sometimes found it difficult to maintain order among students. Most of the participants faced problems to speak English due to different reasons that I enlisted in my existing action research.

School Area:

Project School was Sir Syed public school . School building that contains 17 classrooms. According to the school record, there are a total of 960 students in numbers. The total staff of that school was 12, including the principles, clerk, watchman and  the teachers. This school system has been appreciated by members of the nearby people, as well as by parents, teachers and other respective members of the community. Quran Majeed was taught since the third class. The school area belongs to the rural area. I found few books in the liberary.  The school environment also represents the market within which a school and its leader must position themselves. The pedagogical approach of the school is to teach the skills and abilities with the student as a center and aims at the integral development of the students. My project school was recently renovated the building. The location of this school is far from the main street. Each classroom shows a list of school values, class rules and a blackboard that shows the learning structure of each day. It makes the teaching and learning process situation work well because the situation is conducive and comfortable.

Socio-Economic Status, Occupation/profession and Earning Trends of Participants Parents

I found that large majority of households were living in neuclear family system and the rest of them had joint and extended family. Most of the students resided in “Packa” houses. Then, more than half of the students’ parents belonged to the high-income group and less than a quarter of the students, belonged to the low-income group. A small number of parents of students were businessmen, government and private employees. A considerable number of the parents of the participants were well educated. The number of parents of the participants was dedicated to government services, as well as private services, respectively. Their parents were progressive in education, but they were still far from higher education. Parents have high expectations of their children. They show considerable participation in their children’s studies by providing facilities for studies and encouraging them.

Literacy Rate:

Gwadar District is a district in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The name Gwadar … The literacy rate was 51.97% – the male literacy rate was 60.89%


Topic: Developing confidence through presentation among 9th grade





  1. Why did you select this specific sub-theme and topic? Relate it to your experience / problem in your classroom/institution. (10 marks)

(Give the background and rationale of the study)

Reasons of Selecting This Specific Sub-Theme and Topic

The quality of being confident and not frightened to say what you want or believe. Self esteem and assertiveness are both positively connected. Assertiveness and self esteem are both factors in developing effective communication skills. The problem I identified in my classroom was that most of my students were not active enough during the class and did not speak most of the time. Following informal talks with my students, I discovered that most of them had low confidence. So I decided to draw a action research on how to develop student’s self-confidence for better learning at elementary level in grad 7 through collecting data from a needs analysis questionnaire (see Appendix) I had designed for this purpose. Yet, since I decided to use action research as a useful and reliable tool to answer this question.

Background of The Project:

The quality of being confident and not frightened to say what you want or believe. Self esteem and assertiveness are both positively connected (Unal, 2020). Assertiveness and self esteem are both factors in developing effective communication skills, as the article by Unal shows. In today’s world it is very important that a person should be self confident because the life is the game of self confidence, If you have self confidence then you will be able to achieve many things. Specially it is very important that students should have good self confidence in his initial age as this will help him to stand out for himself and be a unique person rather than just copying others (Kumar & Singh,  2013).

So below i will tell you why it is important to have a self confidence in students.  Self-confidence is about believing in one’s own abilities. It opens doors and encourages students to take risks, express their creativity in classroom assignments and invest in the work they produce at school.

Confidence allows public speakers to speak with clarity. When you are calm and focused, you can manage your thoughts better. Confidence also helps speakers speak slowly so they are understood and answer audience questions like a pro. A self-confident child or adult is more likely to be optimistic and motivated and have a “can do” rather than a “can’t do” attitude to classroom learning and education. On the other hand, a lack of confidence can affect the motivation necessary for problem solving and dampen interest in new experiences (Freeman, 2020). Strategies for Helping Students Motivate Themselves. To inspire intrinsic motivation in students, schools should focus on nurturing their sense of autonomy, competence, relatedness, and relevance.

Self-confidence is not a motivational perspective by itself. It is a judgment about capabilities for accomplishment of some goal, and, therefore, must be considered within a broader conceptualization of motivation that provides the goal context. Motivation is composed of two components: goal choice and self-regulation. Self-regulation, in turn, consists of three related sets of activities: self-monitoring, self-evaluation, and self-reactions. Self-monitoring provides information about current performance, which is then evaluated by comparing that performance with one’s goal. The comparison between performance and goal results in two distinct types of self-reactions: self-satisfaction or -dissatisfaction and self-confidence expectations. Satisfaction or dissatisfaction is an affective response to past actions; self-confidence expectations are judgments about one’s future capabilities to attain one’s goal. This framework allows a discussion of self-confidence as it relates to a number of motivational processes, including setting goals and causal attributions (McClymont, 2020).

In a responsive environment that rewards performance achievements, the outcomes people expect depend heavily on their self-confidence that they can perform the skill. However, in an environment in which outcomes are fixed at a minimum level of performance or in which a social condition restricts people’s ability to perform successfully or control their circumstances, outcome and confidence expectations would not be causally linked. For example, a concentration camp inmate could have confidence that he or she is efficacious enough to maximize his or her survival probability without violating personal ethics while simultaneously believing that this survival probability is not very high at all. Such individuals may give up trying, not because they doubt their own capabilities, but because they expect their efforts to be futile. This type of outcome-based futility is hypothesized to lead to pessimism or learned helplessness (Cox, 2020).

  1. What was your discussion with your colleague/friend/senior teacher or supervisor regarding the problem? (05 marks)

(Provide your discussion with your colleague or supervisor for better understanding of the problem and alternate solutions)

Discussion With Colleagues/Friends/Supervisor

I told them that this study will provide information for parents, educators and school administrator about developing confidence among children through self-esteem.

I discussed with my colleague, friends, senior teachers and supervisor regarding Developing confidence through presentation among 9th grade.

I tell them that confidence is a feeling of trust in someone or something. To be self-confident is to have confidence in yourself. Self-confident students don’t doubt themselves.self-confidence is one’s ability to judge his own social and personal standing with respect to his environment and be able to derive satisfaction out of it. Building confidence in students can help prevent student dropout rates, ensure that kids maintain their love for learning and help them achieve their dreams and goals. High self-confidence is an important factor in improving business ties and balancing personal life.

My supervisor added that if you have enough self confidence then you won’t be afraid of fears which are imaginary. To have a fearless attitude it is very important that you should have trust and believe in yourself which only comes with the confidence that you have in yourself. Further he admitted that you as a student have to take many decision in life, If you have the ability to take correct decision at correct time then you will be able to achieve good things in life and this can only be achieved by self confidence.

During discussion one of my senior college suggested that a students self confidence is reflect by his body and his body will only reflect is he has a positive and good self confidence in himself and in his mind.  So a student should have a positive body language because it will gives a positive message to others about him and will help you as a student to crack interviews and on the other important decisions.

During discussion one of my teacher asked that how can I improve my students communication style? My supervisor repled ways to improve his students oral language skills. He told that encourage students for conversation, model syntactic structure, remind students to speak loudly and articulate clearly and explain the subtleties of tone, attend to listening skills, incorporate a question of the day and  compile a class booklet of students’ phrases.

  1. What did you find about the problem in the existing literature (books / articles / websites)? (10 marks)

(Explore books and online resources to know what and how has been already done regarding this problem)

Review of Literature

Although this review is presented before the report of the cycles of action research, literature was studied throughout the project to gain a greater understanding of the issues and to resource and improve the teaching approach.

Hooda & Devi (2018) defined that the self is a composite of a person’s thoughts and feelings, strivings and hopes, fears and fantasies, his view of what he is, what he has been, what he might become, and his attitude pertaining to his worth. Self-confidence is a positive attitude of oneself towards one’s self concept. Self-confidence refers to a person’s perceived ability to tackle situations successfully without leaning on others and to have a positive self–evaluation. Self-confidence is the conviction that one is generally capable of producing desired results. Increase in self-confidence helps to develop innate qualities of self-worthy and competency by the reinforcement. Self-confidence is related with success. A confident attitude, a belief and a faith in oneself and one’s ideas are essential in getting ahead but it should also be remembered that self-confidence grows with success that means it is desirable to develop those qualities within oneself that makes for success.

Srimadevi & Saraladevi (2016) found that the child who perceives himself to be able, confident, adequate and a person of worth has more energy to spend on academic achievement and will use his intelligence confident may not come up to the optimum level of attainment. In general, self-confidence refers to an individual’s ability to act effectively in a situation to overcome obstacles and to get things to go alright. Self-confidence is central to good psychological adjustment, personal happiness and effective functioning in children and adults. Problem solving ability has a significant effect on self-confidence.

According to Doqaruni (2014), extra speaking activities were incorporated into the classroom to increase the students performance in terms of pair/group work, and consequently, their confidence. The results showed that an instructional methodology stressing peer collaboration as a tool for increasing the ability of the students to speak is likely to result in confidence. Teacher as a researcher approach is an invaluable tool. Such an approach, which brings together theory and practice, can have positive effects both on the professional development of L2 teachers and on students’ learning processes such as confidence.

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